William Cameron Menzies was an Academy Award-winning film production designer (the first of his kind), and an art director who also worked as a director, producer, and screenwriter during a career that spanned five decades. He established himself in Hollywood with his elaborate settings for The Thief of Bagdad, The Dove, Sadie Thompson and The Tempest. Acclaimed director David O. Selznick hired him for Gone with the Wind, and the term and credit "production designer," was coined specifically for Menzies to refer to his being the final word on the overall look of the production. It was intended to describe his uncanny ability to translate Selznick's ideas to drawings and paintings from which he and his fellow directors worked. Due to the vast contributions to his field, William Cameron Menzies was among the first group of people inducted into the Art Directors Guild Hall of Fame.